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Heart Disease: Types,Symptoms,Causes,Risk Factor,Treatment.

- June 26, 2020
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Heart Disease: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factor, Diagnosis, Treatment.

Overview



The heart is most important organs of the body. He needs an adequate blood supply to provide oxygen so that muscles can contract and pump blood to the rest of the body. Not only does the heart pump blood to the rest of the body, but it also pumps blood through the coronary arteries. These arteries originate from the base of the aorta (the major blood vessel carrying oxygen-rich blood from the heart) and then branch out along the surface of the heart.

When one or more coronary arteries become narrow, it can make it difficult for enough blood to reach the heart, especially during exercise. It can cause pain in the heart muscle like any other muscle in the body.

Coronary Artery Disease, Congestive Heart Failure, Heart Attack - Each type of heart problem requires different treatment, but may share similar warning signs. It is important to see your doctor so that you can get a correct diagnosis and early treatment.



Types of Heart Disease



  •  Coronary artery disease : Coronary arteries can be diseased or damaged, usually due to plaque deposits that contain cholesterol.

  •  Heart failure Or  Heart attack : Heart failure occurs when the heart does not efficiently pump blood around the body.

  • Arrhythmia : Arrhythmia is the most common heart condition. It can appear as a shivering feeling in your chest or feel like your heart is beating.
 
  • Atrial Fibrillation : Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a type of arrhythmia. Atrial fibrillation is an irregular heartbeat that increases the danger of stroke and heart condition .



Symptoms



Symptoms of coronary artery disease


Coronary arteries can be diseased or damaged, usually due to plaque deposits that contain cholesterol.


  • Shortness of breath
  • Nervousness
  • A pounding heartbeat
  • Weakness or dizziness
  • Nausea



Symptoms of  Heart Attack


Also known as heart failure, heart failure occurs when the heart does not efficiently pump blood around the body.

The left or right part of the heart may be affected. Rarely, both sides. Coronary artery disease or high blood pressure can leave the heart stiff or weak over time and pump properly.


  •     Discomfort, pressure, heaviness, or pain under chest, arm or breast
  •     Restlessness radiates to the back, jaw, throat, or arm
  •     Feeling of fullness, indigestion, or choking (may feel like heartburn)
  •     Sweating, nausea, vomiting or dizziness
  •     Anxiety, or shortness of breath
  •     Rapid or Irregular heartbeat

Some people have a heart attack without any symptoms, known as "silent" infarction (MI).



Symptoms of Arrhythmia


Arrhythmia is the most common heart condition. It can appear as a shivering feeling in your chest or feel like your heart is beating. If you experience arrhythmia, tell your doctor so that they can determine if further examination is necessary.


  •     Nervousness
  •     Sunken in your chest
  •     Dizzy
  •     Syncope
  •     Shortness of breath


Symptoms of atrial fibrillation


Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a type of arrhythmia. Atrial fibrillation is an irregular heartbeat that increases the danger of stroke and heart condition .

  •     Heartbeat (sudden pounding, shivering or heart racing)
  •     Lack of power
  •     Dizziness (faint or light-headed)
  •     Chest discomfort (pain, pressure or chest discomfort)
  •     Shortness of breath (difficulty breathing during normal activities)



Causes



What Causes Heart Disease?


Heart disease cause cardiovascular problems. Each type of heart disease is caused by something completely unique to that condition.


Causes arrhythmia


Causes of an abnormal heart rhythm include:

  •   CAD
  •   Heart defects, including congenital heart defects
  •   Medicines, Supplements and Herbal Remedies
  •   Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  •   Excessive alcohol or caffeine use
  •   Substance use disorders
  •   Stress and anxiety
  •   Existing heart damage or disease


Causes congenital heart defects


This heart disease occurs when a baby is still developing in the womb. Some heart defects can be severe and diagnosed and treated early. Some can also go undiagnosed for many years.

The structure of your heart can also change with aging. This can cause a heart defect that can lead to complications and problems.


Causes cardiomyopathy


Several types of cardiomyopathy exist. Each type is the result of a different situation.

  •    Restrictive cardiomyopathy : It is often unclear what causes this type of cardiomyopathy, resulting in hardened heart walls.


  •    Dilated cardiomyopathy : It is unclear whether this causes the most common type of cardiomyopathy, which leads to a weakened heart. This can be the result of previous damage to the heart, such as due to drugs, infections, and heart attacks. It can also be the result of an inherited condition or uncontrolled blood pressure.


  •   Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy : This type of heart disease produces thick heart muscle. It is usually inherited.
   

Causes heart infection


Bacteria, parasites and viruses are the most common causes of heart infection. Uncontrolled infection in the body can also damage the heart if they are not treated properly.



Risk Factors


What are some risk factors for heart disease?


There are risk factors that increase the ability to develop plaque within the coronary arteries and cause them to narrow. Atherosclerosis is a term that describes the condition

  •  Smoking
  •  Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  •  High cholesterol
  •  Obesity
  •  Physical inactivity

For example, smoking is a controllable risk factor. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), people who have double the risk of heart disease.


If you have diabetes, it is necessary to control your glucose to limit your risk for developing heart disease. The American Heart Association (AHA) reports that people who have both high blood pressure and diabetes double their risk for heart disease.


Diagnosis


How is heart disease diagnosed?


Diagnosis of heart disease begins with taking the patient's history. The health care professional has to understand the patient's symptoms and this can be difficult. Often, health care professionals ask about chest pain, but the patient may refuse to have pain because they perceive their symptoms as pressure or heaviness. Words can also have different meanings for different people. The patient may describe his discomfort as sharp, meaning-intensive, while the healthcare professional may understand that the term means stabbing. For that reason, the patient needs to be allowed to take time to describe the symptoms in their own words and try a healthcare professional to clarify the terms used.


  •   Listening to your heart
  •   Check your heart rate
 

Check your blood pressure



Your heart requires force or pressure to pump blood around your body. It is recorded as two measurements:

Systolic blood pressure: pressure in your arteries (greater number) when the heart squeezes

Diastolic blood pressure: pressure in your arteries when resting between heart squeezes (low numbers)

Normal blood pressure for an adult is, at rest, greater than 80, at least 120. Blood pressure can go up or down depending on you:

  •   Age
  •   heart condition
  •   Feelings
  •   The activity
  •   The medicines

A high reading does not mean that you have high blood pressure.


Treatment


The things you and your health care professional can do for heart disease can all be on the map to take care, from CPR, to high-tech surgery. Chances are that you, or someone you love, may need different types.

    Interference


  •   CPR : Cardiopulmonary resuscitation - CPR - is a link to what the American Heart Association calls a survival chain. Learn CPR for a loved one. You can use the Internet to find classes near you

  •  Stents : Get information about why they are used and what types are available.
       
  •   Angioplasty and stent : Angioplasty is a procedure that uses very few cuttings to open blocked heart arteries. Stents may be placed during angioplasty.
       
  •   Heart bypass surgery : It can treat heart disease when your coronary arteries become blocked. Your doctor can treat the problem by giving blood a new route to the heart.
      

  •   Valve disease treatment : When your heart valve disease requires attention, it can be treated by conventional surgery or balloon valvuloplasty, which does not require much cutting.
       

  •  Cardioversion : For many people with heart disease, drugs alone turn an arrhythmia into a normal heart rhythm. These people may require a procedure called cardioversion or electrical cardioversion.
       

  •  EECP : This can help stimulate blood vessels to develop small branches, creating a natural bypass around narrowed or blocked arteries that causes chest pain.
       
  •  Pacemaker : A pacemaker can also treat fainting spells (syncope), heart failure, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
       
      
  •   Lead Extraction : This leads to the removal of one or more from inside the heart. Leads placed outside the heart during open heart surgery cannot be removed by this procedure.
       
  •  Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) : It is a type of mechanical heart. A surgeon will place it inside your chest. This will help pump oxygenated blood to the heart throughout the body.
       
  •  Heart transplant :  A person's diseased heart is replaced by a healthy donor's heart. The donor is a person who has died and whose family has agreed to donate the organs of their loved ones.
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