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Disability: What is Disability? Types, Causes, Benefits.

- June 08, 2020
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Disability: What is Disability? Types, Causes, Benefits.

What is disability ?

Disability is any persistent condition that restricts everyday activities. Disability Services Act (1993) defines disability as a disability:

Disability is defined as a condition or function that is considered to be significantly impaired relative to the general standard of an individual or group. The term is used to refer to individual functioning, including physical weakness, sensory impairment, cognitive impairment, intellectual impairment mental illness, and various types of chronic illness.

  • Which is caused by an intellectual, mental, cognitive, neurological, sensory or physical impairment or a combination of those defects
  •  Which is permanent
  •  Which may or may not be of an old or episodic nature
  •  Resulting in a substantial reduction in the individual's capacity for communication, social interaction, learning or mobility and the need for continued support services.

Types of disability

You can have many disabilities in your work life. You can find some examples of common disabilities:

  •  Vision Disability
  •  Mental health status
  •  Deaf or hard of hearing
  •  Acquired brain injury
  •  Intellectual disability
  •  Autism spectrum disorder
  •  Physical disability.

If your staff member's disability is not clear to you, ask how it affects their work and if they need adjustment they can work to the best of their ability.

Vision Disability

Vision loss refers to those who are blind or who have partial vision.
When speaking with a person who is blind or has vision impairment:

  •     Always identify yourself and someone else with you
  •   Ask if the person needs assistance, and listen for specific instructions, though be prepared to decline your offer.

If guiding a person, let them take their hands, instead of them. Describe any changes in the environment such as phases, obstacles, etc.

If the person has a guide dog, please remember that the dog is working and should not be patted, fed or distracted.


    Ensure in front of office staff that they are prepared to greet and assist people with vision impairments.

  •     Allow more time and more flexibility for training and induction.

Mental health status

Mental illness is a general term for a group of diseases that affect the mind or brain. These diseases, including bipolar disorder, depression, schizophrenia, anxiety, and personality disorders, affect the way a person thinks, feels, and acts.

A person with a mental health condition may have difficulty focusing, which can sometimes be the result of medication. Wherever possible, try to avoid overly stressful situations so that their condition does not intensify.


  •   Ask the person how they would like to receive the information.
  •   Allow more time and more flexibility for training and induction.

People who are deaf.

Hearing defects can range from mild to deep. People who are hard of hearing can use many strategies and tools, including speech, lip-reading, writing notes, hearing aids, or language interpreters.

When talking to a person who is deaf or hard of hearing:

  •     Speak and speak directly with them, not with those who accompany them, including   interpreters
  •     Speak clearly and use normal tone of voice unless instructed by a person with hearing loss


  •     Ensure that office staff are exposed and prepared to greet and assist those who are deaf or hard of hearing.
  •    Allow more time and more flexibility for training and induction.

Acquired Brain injury (ABI)

Injury can occur due to infection, disease, lack of oxygen or head trauma. Around 160,000 Australians have some form of brain injury, with more men affected than women.

The long-term effects vary from person to person and can range from mild to deep. It is common for many people with ABI to experience this:

  • Increased fatigue (mental and physical)
  • The speed at which they slow down the process of information, planning and solving problems
  • Changes in their behavior and personality, physical and sensory abilities, or thinking and learning
  • Difficulties may also occur in areas such as memory, concentration, and communication.

A person with acquired brain injury does not have an intellectual disability and does not have mental illness.


  •   Allow more time and more flexibility for training and induction.
  •   Provide clear and thorough explanations and instructions.
  •   Reduce stress to maximize concentration and performance.
  •   Give oral and written instructions or try to illustrate and summarize the ideas.


Intellectual disability

A person with an intellectual disability may have significant limitations in the skills required to live and work in the community, including difficulties with communication, self-care, social skills, safety, and self-direction.

A person with an intellectual disability is like everyone else - treat them as you want to be treated Can consider extra time for a person with an intellectual disability to do or say something


  •   Allow more time and more flexibility for training and induction.
  •     Keep instructions simple and use the display in bite-size pieces and increase complexity as you progress.
  •     Give verbal and written instructions or try to give examples to clarify ideas and summarize ideas.

Autism spectrum disorder

Autism is an umbrella description that includes autistic disorder, Asperger's syndrome, and atypical autism. Autism affects the way information is captured and stored in the brain. People with autism usually have difficulties with verbal and non-verbal communication, social interaction, and other activities. The impairment usually occurs in three main areas of functioning:

  •  Social interaction
  •  Communication, and
  •  Behavior (restricted interests and repetitive behavior).

Many people with autism spectrum disorder also have sensory sensations, i.e. sensitivity to vision, touch, taste, smell, sound, temperature, or pain.

Those with Asperger's syndrome are usually above or above average intelligence, and may show a wide range of behavioral and social skills

Some of the following characteristics:

  • Difficulty making friends
  •  Ability to speak well, either very little or very little, but difficulty with communication
  •   An inability to understand that communication includes listening as well as talking
  •   Inability to 'read' the rules of social behavior, the feelings of others, and body language. For example, a person with Asperger syndrome may not know that someone is showing that they are crossing while drowning


  •   Establish routines and predictable environments.
  •   Inform people with autism what is going to happen before it happens.


Physical disabilities

The common feature in physical disability is that some aspect of a person's physical functioning, usually either their mobility, dexterity, or endurance is affected. People with physical disabilities are usually experts in their needs, and will understand the impact of their disability.

There are many different types of disability and a wide variety of situations that people experience. Disability can be permanent or temporary. It can be present from birth or can be achieved later in life. People with similar disabilities are just as likely as anyone else to have different abilities.


  •  Always ask before offering help.
  •  Stay on the same level while talking with the person.
  •  Ask for permission before touching a person's wheelchair or mobility aid.

Major causes of disability

Your chances of becoming disabled before retiring are around and some causes of disability may surprise you. Some of the conditions that prevent people from working include:

  •  Arthritis
  •  Back pain
  •  Cancer
  •  Depression
  •  Heart disease

Here's a closer look at some of the most common disabling conditions - and some tips on how to protect yourself from the high medical bills that come with it.

To Coordinate

We all take care of our health - until it is gone. Again, it is very easy to focus on what we have lost. But when you can't go back to a healthy person or overcome your limitations, you can change your way of thinking and face your disability. You are still in control of your life! There are many ways by which you can improve your independence, sense of empowerment and attitude. No matter your disability, it is entirely possible to overcome the challenges you face and to fully enjoy and fulfill life.

Most of us hope to live long, healthy lives. So when you are hit by an incurable disease or injury, it can cause many unsatisfactory feelings and fears. You may be surprised how you will be able to work, find or keep a relationship, or be happy again. But living with a disability is not easy, but it is not a tragedy. And you are not alone. Millions of people have traveled this road in front of you (the CDC estimates that 1 in 5 Americans are disabled) and thrive not only on how to survive.

Learn to accept your disability

Accepting your disability can be incredibly difficult. Acceptance can feel like throwing in the towel on life and your future. But your refusal to accept the reality of your boundaries keeps you stuck. It keeps you from moving forward, making the changes you need to make, and finding new goals.

Give yourself time to mourn

Before you can accept your disability, you must first grieve. You have suffered a major loss, not only the loss of your healthy, unlimited body, but the possibility of at least some of your plans for the future.

Do not try to ignore your feelings. It is only humans who want to avoid pain, but as you do not get hurt by ignoring it, you cannot work through grief without allowing yourself to feel and deal with it actively. . Allow yourself to fully experience your feelings without judgment.

You are likely to go through a roller coaster of emotions ranging from anger and sorrow to distrust. This is completely normal. And like a roller coaster, the experience is unpredictable and full of ups and downs. Just be confident that over time, the lows will become less intense and you will begin to find your new normal.

Having bad days does not mean that you are not brave or strong. And when you don't help anyone else, you pretend to heal yourself - the least of your family and friends. Let the people you are really feeling trust you. This will help both them and you.

How to live a happy life is a disability

People are capable of a happy and comfortable life, no matter their disability. I know it is a hard pill to swallow if you are disabled. A person with disabilities may not want to hear fairy tales with happy endings.

Recently my son became disabled and depressed when he had to keep the upper part of his feet, mainly his toe removed and removed. I never felt a tear fall, but I understood from the tone of her voice that she does not want to be happy.

As much as we try to comfort someone with a disability, we have to take their feelings into consideration. Highlighting what can be emotional for the handicapped, it can be considered as 'endless'.

We can live happier and fuller lives by adjusting both physically and emotionally with a disability. Accept your position as much as possible. Probably the hardest aspect of emotionally adjusting to a disability is living with the conditions of your pregnancy. While it is always good to expect recovery and work out, there may be some facts that you have to live with? You will need to accept your overall position in addition to your future prospects. You will need to work hard in therapy and never give up in improving your physical and mental health.

A big part of being happy is never focusing on your past or anything negative. If you must be new to having a disability as a result of an unexpected accident or a progressive disease, it can be very difficult not to compare your current state in any way to how things were in recent times.

Enjoy the good memories of the bygone days, but don't let them come back to you. Must be in the task of setting goals to continuously move forward and enhance their overall position. Do your best to be optimistic. People who suffer in troubling situations are generally happier and healthier than those who find themselves cynical about their lives.


Advantage of Having Wheelchair

  • You will be mobile again. You will keep going in no time. Being mobile is important for many reasons.
  • Easy to operate. People with severe disabilities are comfortable driving and riding. Almost all the disabled require a wheelchair van.
  • You will lead a happy life. Why? Because you are free in your wheelchair van. You can visit places without help. You will have the feeling of freedom of worth more than any amount

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