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Coronavirus & COVID-19: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment.

- June 06, 2020
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Coronavirus





Overview



Coronavirus is a type of common virus that causes infections in your nose, or upper throat.Coronavirus is a group of viruses that can cause diseases.

Coronaviruses commonly affect the respiratory system of birds and mammals, including humans. Doctors associate him with cold, bronchitis, pneumonia and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). These viruses can also affect the intestine.

COVID-19 is a disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 that can trigger what doctors call a respiratory infection. It can affect your upper respiratory system (sinus, nose and throat) or lower respiratory system (windpipe and lungs).

It spreads in the same way that other coronaviruses do, mainly through person-to-person contact. The infection ranges from mild to deadly.

SARS-CoV-2 is one of seven types of coronovirus, including severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and the like. Other coronaviruses cause most of the colds that affect us during the year but are not a serious threat to otherwise healthy people.

In early 2020, following the December 2019 outbreak in China, the World Health Organization (WHO) identified SARS-CoV-2 as a new type of coronavirus. Its outbreak spread rapidly around the world




Symptoms



Common symptoms of coronovirus infection


Cold- or flu-like symptoms are usually prescribed within about 2–4 days after infection develops. Usually, the symptoms are mild, although they vary from one person to another. In some people, coronovirus infections are fatal.
 

Other symptoms may include:

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Muscle aches
  • Chills
  • Sore throat
  • Loss of taste or smell
  • head ache
  • Pain in chest


Some people may have only a few symptoms, and a few people may haven't any symptoms. people that are older or have chronic chronic medical conditions, like heart disease, lung disease, diabetes, severe obesity, chronic kidney or liver disease, or who have compromised immune systems, could also be at higher risk of serious illness Huh. it's seen with other respiratory illnesses, like influenza.

Some people may experience worsening of symptoms, like a worsening condition of breath and pneumonia, approximately one week after symptoms begin.

Although scientists can easily cultivate rhinoviruses - which also are the cause of the cold - within the laboratory, this is often not the case with coronavirus. This makes it difficult to understand the effects of those pathogens.

There is currently no cure for diseases like a cold caused by coronavirus. Treatments include self-care and over-the-counter medications.


Taking the following steps may help:


  • Rest and avoid redundancy
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Avoid smoking and smoke areas
  • Taking acetaminophen to reduce fever
 

A doctor can identify the virus responsible for a sample of fluid from a person's body, like a sample of blood or mucus from the nose.



What to do if you think that you've got


If you live within the area where COVID-19 is spread:

 If you do not love it, stay home. even if you've got mild symptoms like headaches and runny nose, stay until you recover . this allows doctors to focus on those who are more seriously ill and avoids health care workers and people who may meet you along the way. you'll call it self-quarantine. try to be during a different room than others in your house. Use a separate bathroom if you'll .
 Call a doctor if you've got trouble breathing. Calling ahead (rather than showing) will let the doctor take you to the appropriate location, which can not be your doctor's office. If you are doing not have a daily doctor, call your local health board. they will tell you where to go for testing and treatment.
 
Follow your doctor's advice and keep up with the news of COVID-19. Between your doctor and health care authorities, you need your care and information to understand the way to prevent the virus from spreading.




Causes



Infection with the new coronavirus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, or SARS-CoV-2) leads to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

The virus appears to spread easily among people, and more discoveries about how it spreads over time continue. Data has shown that it is in contact between one person to another (within about 6 feet or 2 meters). The virus is spread by respiratory drops when a virus coughs, sneezes, or interacts. These drops can be inhaled or injected into the mouth or nose of a nearby person.

People over 65 are more likely to have a serious illness, such as those who live in nursing homes or long-term care facilities, who have weakened immune systems, or whose medical conditions include:

  •  High blood pressure
  •  Heart disease
  •  Lung disease
  • Asthma
  • Dialysis needs kidney disease
  • Obesity
  • Cancer treatment, especially chemotherapy
  • Liver disease
  • To smoke

Some children and adolescents who are hospitalized with COVID-19 have an inflammatory condition that doctors are calling Multultisystem Inflammatory Syndrome or MIS-C in children. Doctors think it may be associated with the virus. It causes symptoms similar to toxic tremors and Kawasaki disease, a condition that causes inflammation in the blood vessels of children.


Risk factors for COVID-19 include:



 Recent travel or residence from an area of ​​ongoing community spread of COVID-19 as determined by the CDC or WHO
    Close contact (within 6 feet, or 2 meters) with someone who has been on COVID-19 for more than 5 minutes, or when an infected person coughs or sneezes

Complications

Although most people with COVID-19 have mild to moderate symptoms, the disease can cause severe medical complications and may cause death in some people.


Complications may include:

  • Pneumonia and trouble breathing
  • Organ failure
  • Heart problems
  • A severe lung condition that causes a small amount of oxygen to your organs through your bloodstream (acute respiratory distress syndrome)
  • Blood clots
  • Kidney injury
  • Additional viral and bacterial infections



Diagnosis



If you think that you're in contact, call your doctor or local health department, like symptoms:

  • Fever of 100 F or above
  • Cough
  • Difficulty breathing

In most states, decisions about whether to test for COVID-19 are made at the state or local level.

A swab test is that the commonest method. The person giving the test lifts up their nose to get a specimen from the back of your nose and throat. That sample usually goes to a laboratory trying to find viral material, but some areas can have rapid tests that give results in quarter-hour .

A negative test can mean that there's no virus or not enough to measure. It can occur early in an infection. it always takes 24 hours to get results, but the test must be collected, stored, shipped to a laboratory, and processed.

In the US, your doctor will determine whether to conduct a test for COVID-19 supported your signs and symptoms, also as whether you have close contact with an individual diagnosed with COVID-19 or the continued community. live in or live in any area with. Circulation of COVID-19 in last 14 days. If you're at a greater risk of serious illness, your doctor can also consider a test.

To test for COVID-19, a health care provider uses an extended swab to take a sample from the nose or throat. If you're coughing with saliva (sputum), which will be sent for testing. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has authorized at-home testing for COVID-19. These are available only with a prescription.


Prevention



While there is no vaccine available to prevent COVID-19, you can take steps to reduce your risk of infection. The WHO and CDC recommend following these precautions to avoid COVID-19:

  •  Avoid large events and mass gatherings.
  •  Who ever is ill or has symptoms, avoid close contact (within 6 feet or 2 meters).
  • Stay at home as much as possible and maintain a distance between you and others (within about 6 feet or 2 meters), especially if you are at high risk of serious illness. Keep in mind that some people may have COVID-19 and may spread to others, even if they do not have symptoms or do not know they have COVID-19.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water or clean them with alcohol-based sanitizers. It kills the virus on your hands.
  • Publicly cover your nose and mouth. If you have COVID-19, you can spread it even if you do not feel ill. Wear a cloth cover to protect others. It is not a replacement for social disturbances. You still need to maintain a 6-foot distance between you and the people around you.
  • When you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose with your elbow or a tissue. Throw away the used tissue. Wash your hands immediately.
  • Do not touch your face. Coronavirus can remain on touching surfaces for several hours. If they get on your hands and you touch your eyes, nose, or mouth, they can enter your body.
  •  If you are ill, avoid sharing dishes, glasses, towels, bedding and other household items.



Treatment



Currently, no medications are recommended for the treatment of COVID-19, and no treatment is available. Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections such as COVID-19. Researchers are testing a variety of potential treatments.

The FDA granted permission for some drugs used to treat severe COVID-19 when no other options are available. Two malarial drugs - hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine - and an antiviral drug, Remedisvir, have been approved for this use.


  •  Pain relievers (ibuprofen or acetaminophen)
  •  Cough medicine
  •  Rest
  •  Fluid intake

There is no evidence that ibuprofen or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) need to be avoided.

Clinical trials are also underway for tocilizumab, another drug used to treat autoimmune conditions. And the FDA is also allowing in-hospital use of blood plasma from clinical trials and people who had COVID-19 and recovered to help others become immune. You call it convocation plasma.

Your doctor will recommend that you stay in isolation for some time in addition to medical care. Follow the guidelines of your doctor and the local health department when you can end home isolation.

If you are very ill, you may need to be treated in a hospital.


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